Advances in Comparative and Environmental Physiology Electrogenic Cl? Transporters in Biological Membranes Volume 19

Biological cell membranes regulate the transfer of matter and informa­ tion between the intracellular and extracellular compartments as basic survival and maintenance functions for an organism: This volume contains a series of reviews that are concerned with how biological plasma membranes regulate...

Full description

Bibliographic Details
Corporate Author: SpringerLink (Online service)
Format: eBook
Language:English
Published: Berlin, Heidelberg Springer Berlin Heidelberg 1994, 1994
Edition:1st ed. 1994
Series:Advances in Comparative and Environmental Physiology
Subjects:
Online Access:
Collection: Springer Book Archives -2004 - Collection details see MPG.ReNa
Table of Contents:
  • 2. Excitable Cell Cl? Channels
  • 3. Aplysia Gut Absorptive Cells
  • References
  • 9 Chloride Channels in Insects: A Search for Common Grounds
  • 1 Introduction
  • 2 Defining Characteristics of Vertebrate Epithelial Cl? Channels
  • 3 Cl? Channels in Insect Epithelial Secretion and Absorption
  • 4 GABA-Activated Cl? Channel in Nervous System and Muscle
  • 5 Conclusions
  • References
  • 10 The Voltage-Gated Cl? Channel of Torpedo Electroplax: an Emerging View of its Structure and Function
  • 1 Introduction
  • 2 Electrocyte Physiology
  • 3 Biophysics of the Cl? Channel
  • 4 Biochemical Studies
  • 5 Molecular Genetics of the Cl? Channel
  • 6 Conclusion
  • References
  • 11 A Secretory Cl Channel from Epithelial Cells Studied in Heterologous Expression Systems
  • 1 Introduction
  • 2 Channels Implicated in Transepithelial Chloride Secretion
  • 3 CFTR Expression and Reconstitution Generate the Low-Conductance Cl Channel
  • 4 Properties of the CFTR Pore
  • 5 Regulation of the CFTR Channel by Phosphorylation
  • 6 Regulation of CFTR Channel by Nucleotides
  • 7 Homologs from Other Species: Shark CFTR is also a Cl Channel
  • 8 Conclusions
  • References
  • 12 Chloride Channels in Epithelial Cells of Intestine
  • 1 Introduction
  • 2 Small Intestine
  • 3 Colon
  • 4 Summary
  • References
  • 13 Chloride Transport by Gastric Mucosa
  • 1 Introduction
  • 2 Acidic and Nonacidic Cl? Secretion
  • 3 Identification and Localization of Ion Transport Pathways
  • 4 Localization of Passive Ion Transporters
  • References
  • 2 Cl?-Stimulated ATPase in Mammalian Brain
  • 3 Functional Significance of Cl? Pump in the Brain
  • 4 Conclusions
  • References
  • 5 Proton-Coupled Chloride Transport in Plant Cells
  • 1 Introduction
  • 2 Evidence for Gradient-Coupled Cl? Transport
  • 3 Kinetic Properties of Gradient-Coupled Cl? Transport at the Plasma Membrane
  • 4 Conclusions and Future Prospects
  • References
  • 6 Electrogenic Coupling of Sulfate Secretion to Chloride Transport in Lobster Hepatopancreas
  • 1 Introduction
  • 2 Vertebrate Sulfate Transport Mechanisms
  • 3 Transmembrane SO4/C1 Exchange in Vertebrate Epithelia
  • 4 Transmembrane Sulfate Antiport in Hepatopancreatic Epithelium
  • 5 Transcellular Sulfate Transport in Lobster Hepatopancreas
  • References
  • 7 Chloride Currents in Lower Organisms
  • 1 Introduction
  • 2 Protists
  • 3 Porifera
  • 4 Cnidaria
  • 5 Platyhelminths
  • 6Nematodes
  • 7 Discussion
  • References
  • 8 Chloride Channels in Molluscs
  • 1. Introduction
  • 1 Halorhodopsin: A Prokaryotic Light-Driven Active Chloride Transport System
  • 1 Introduction
  • 2 Anion Binding and the Retinal Chromophore as Reporter Group
  • 3 The Photocycle
  • 4 Light-Dependent Retinal Isomerizations and Schiff Base Deprotonation
  • 5 Hypotheses of the Transport Mechanism
  • References
  • 2 Chloride ATPase in Marine Algae
  • 1 Introduction
  • 2 Objects
  • 3 Some Conditions
  • 4 Basic Observations: The Pump and Its Transportée
  • 5 Fueling Substrate
  • 6 Electrical Properties
  • 7 Biochemical Approaches
  • 8 Conclusions and Speculations
  • References
  • 3 Existence of a Chloride Pump in Molluscs
  • 1 Introduction
  • 2 Electrical Characteristics of Aplysia Gut
  • 3 Biochemistry of the Cl? Pump
  • 4 Sulfhydryl Ligands of the Cl? Pump
  • 5 Reconstitution of the Cl? Pump
  • 6 Molecular Weight and Reaction Sequence of the Cl? Pump
  • 7 Conclusions
  • References
  • 4 Transporting Cl?-ATPase in Rat Brain
  • 1 Introduction