Economic Decisions Under Uncertainty

The Fundamental Issues Involved Why do we need a theory of uncertainty? It is a fact that almost all man's economic decisions are made under conditions of uncertainty, but this fact alone does not provide a strong enough argument for making the effort necessary to generalize ordinary preference...

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Main Author: Sinn, Hans-Werner
Corporate Author: SpringerLink (Online service)
Format: eBook
Language:English
Published: Heidelberg Physica-Verlag HD 1989, 1989
Edition:2nd ed. 1989
Subjects:
Online Access:
Collection: Springer Book Archives -2004 - Collection details see MPG.ReNa
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245 0 0 |a Economic Decisions Under Uncertainty  |h Elektronische Ressource  |c by Hans-Werner Sinn 
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260 |a Heidelberg  |b Physica-Verlag HD  |c 1989, 1989 
300 |a XVIII, 359 p. 1 illus  |b online resource 
505 0 |a One The Object of Choice under Uncertainty -- A The Basic Decision-Theoretic Approach -- B Probabilities -- Two Rational Behavior under Risk -- A The Two-Parametric Substitutive Criteria -- B The Lexicographic Criterion -- C The Expected-Utility Criterion -- D Comparison of Preference Functional -- Appendix 1 -- Appendix 2 -- Three The Structure of Risk Preference -- A Psychological Aspects of Risk Evaluation -- B The BLOOS Rule -- C Arrow’s Hypothesis of Increasing Relative and Decreasing Absolute Risk Aversion -- Appendix 1 -- Appendix 2 -- Appendix 3 -- Appendix 4 -- Four Multiple Risks -- A Simultaneous Risks -- B Sequential Risks -- Five Areas of Application -- A Portfolio Theory -- B The Theory of Currency Speculation -- C Theory of Insurance Demand -- List of Abbreviated Journals -- Author Index 
653 |a Operations research 
653 |a Decision making 
653 |a Economic theory 
653 |a Operations Research/Decision Theory 
653 |a Economic Theory/Quantitative Economics/Mathematical Methods 
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520 |a The Fundamental Issues Involved Why do we need a theory of uncertainty? It is a fact that almost all man's economic decisions are made under conditions of uncertainty, but this fact alone does not provide a strong enough argument for making the effort necessary to generalize ordinary preference theory designed for a world of perfect certainty. In accordance with Occam's Razor, the mathematician may well welcome a generalization of assumptions even if it does not promise more than a restatement of known results. The economist, however, will only be well disposed towards making the effort if he can expect to achieve new insights and interesting results, for he is interested in the techniques necessary for the generalization only as means to an end, not as ends in themselves. A stronger reason for developing a theory of uncertainty, therefore, seems to be the fact that there are kinds of economic activities to which the non-stochastic preference theory has no access or has access only through highly artificial constructions. Such activities include portfolio decisions of wealth holders, speculation, and insurance. These will be considered in detail in the last chapter of the book. The main purpose of this book, however, is not to apply a theory of uncertainty to concrete economic problems, the purpose rather is to formulate such a theory