Risk Management of Chemicals in the Environment

The Council of the North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO) established the "Committee on the Challenges of Modern Society" (CCMS) in 1969. The CCMS was charged with developing meaningful environmental and social programmes for solving existing problems and developing long-range goals for...

Full description

Bibliographic Details
Other Authors: Seip, Hans M. (Editor), Heiberg, Anders B. (Editor)
Format: eBook
Language:English
Published: New York, NY Springer US 1989, 1989
Edition:1st ed. 1989
Series:Nato Challenges of Modern Society, Energy Engineering and Advanced Power Systems
Subjects:
Online Access:
Collection: Springer Book Archives -2004 - Collection details see MPG.ReNa
Table of Contents:
  • 5 Acknowledgements
  • 6 References
  • 8: Environmental and Health Impact Assessment of Soil Pollutants. The Seveso Accident as a Typical Example
  • 1 Introduction
  • 2 The Seveso accident
  • 3 Environmental Persistence of TCDD
  • 4 Vertical Distribution of TCDD in soil
  • 5 Plant Contamination and Soil-to-Plant Transfer of TCDD
  • 6 Soil-to-Air Transfer of TCDD Contaminated Dust
  • 7 Discussion and Conclusions
  • 8 References
  • 9: Mathematical and Biological Uncertainties in the Assessment of a Permissible Blood Lead Concentration
  • 1 Introduction
  • 2 Uncertainties in the Use of NOAEL
  • 3 Mathematical Uncertainty
  • 4 Biological Uncertainty
  • 5 From Risk Assessment to Risk Management
  • 6 Acknowledgements l
  • 7 References l
  • 10: Use of Formal Methods in Evaluating Countermeasures to Coastal Water Pollution. A Case Study of the Kristiansand Fjord, Southern Norway
  • 1 Introduction
  • 2 The Kristiansand fjord — A Case of Marine Pollution
  • 3 Analysis of Countermeasures — Initial Tasks
  • 4 Identification of Pollution Control Actions
  • 5 Effects of Control Actions
  • 6 Valuation of a Total Cleanup by Use of an Economic Method
  • 7 Valuation of Pollution Control Actions by Use of “SMART”
  • 8 Summary and Conclusions
  • 9 Acknowledgement
  • 10 References
  • 11: Abatement of Air Pollution in Oslo
  • 1 Introduction
  • 2 Methodological Approach
  • 3 Countermeasures
  • 4 Objectives and Attributes
  • 5 Estimating the Impact of the Countermeasures
  • 6 Valuation of the Impact of the Countermeasures
  • 7 Results
  • 8 Dealing with Uncertainties
  • 9 Sensitivity Analysis
  • 10 Closing Remarks
  • 11 Acknowledgement
  • 12 References
  • 12: Summary, Conclusions and Recommendations
  • 1 Introduction
  • 2 Summary ofthe Individual Chapters in the Report
  • 3 Conclusions and Recommendations
  • APPENDIX A: Names and addresses of Study Group members
  • APPENDIX B: Names and addresses of recipients of CCMS Fellowships who contributed to the Pilot Study
  • APPENDIX C: Study Group programme
  • APPENDIX D: Work done by recipients of CCMS Fellowships
  • APPENDIX E: Questionnaire — Willingness-to-pay survey
  • APPENDIX F: Questionnaire — SMART study
  • APPENDIX G: Summary report of the Pilot Study on Risk Management of Chemicals in the Environment
  • 1: Pilot Study of Risk Management of Chemicals in the Environment: An Introduction
  • 1 Background of the Pilot Study
  • 2 Components of Risk Assessment and Risk Management
  • 3 Quantitative Decision Analysis Techniques
  • 4 Public Acceptability
  • 5 Outcome of the Pilot Study
  • 6 Acknowledgements
  • 7 References
  • 2: Quantification of Health Risk Due to Chemicals: Methods and Uncertainties
  • 1 Introduction
  • 2 Methods of Determining Dose-Response Relationships
  • 3 Uncertainties in Health Risk Quantification
  • 4 Conclusion
  • 5 References
  • 3: Methods for Assessing the Risk of Environmental Contamination
  • 1 Introduction
  • 2 Environmental Risk Analysis
  • 3 Examples of a simplified approach
  • 4 Conclusions
  • 5 References
  • 4: Methods Used in the United States for the Assessment and Management of Health Risk Due to Chemicals
  • 1 Introduction
  • 2 National Research Council, 1983
  • 3 Committee on Science and Technology, 1983
  • 4 Office of Science and Technology Policy, 1985
  • 5 United States Department of Health and Human Services, 1985
  • 6 United States Environmental Protection Agency, 1986
  • 7 Example of a Recent EPA Risk Assessment
  • 8 List of Abbreviations
  • 9 References
  • 5: Assessment of Ecologic Risks Related to Chemical Exposure: Methods and Strategies Used in the United States
  • >1 Current Status
  • 2 Future Directions
  • 3 Ecological Risk Assessment Guidelines
  • 4 References
  • 6: Attitudes toward Risk-Benefit Analysis for Managing Effects of Chemical Exposures
  • 1 Introduction
  • 2 Data and Methods
  • 3 Findings
  • 4 Conclusion
  • 5 Acknowledgement
  • 6 Appendix
  • 7 References
  • 7: Modelling Behaviour of Pollutants in Soil for Risk Assessment Purposes
  • 1 Soil Dispersed Contaminants: Behaviour and Risk for Human Exposure
  • 2 Processes Occurring in Soil: Theoretical Basis for Modelling
  • 3 An Empirical Model for the Calculation of Mobility of Chemicals in Soil
  • 4 Conclusion