The Geography of Multinational Firms

Pontus Braunerhjelm and Karolina Ekholm Over recent decades, foreign direct investment (FDI) has become a major force in the global economy. The geographical pattern of capital formation, trade and technological spillovers across countries and regions, are to an in­ creasing extent determined by the...

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Corporate Author: SpringerLink (Online service)
Other Authors: Braunerhjelm, Pontus (Editor), Ekholm, Karolina (Editor)
Format: eBook
Language:English
Published: New York, NY Springer US 1998, 1998
Edition:1st ed. 1998
Series:Economics of Science, Technology and Innovation
Subjects:
Online Access:
Collection: Springer Book Archives -2004 - Collection details see MPG.ReNa
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505 0 |a Market Structure and Development Level -- 9.1 Introduction -- 9.2 Theoretical Bases for the Choice of Entry mode -- 9.3 Host Country Factors Influencing the Entry Mode Decision -- 9.4 Descriptive Statistics and Statistical Tests for Swedish MNFs -- 9.5 Concluding Remarks -- 9.6 References -- 10 Strategic Location of Production in Multinational Firms -- 10.1 Introduction -- 10.2 Multi-Plant Economies of Scale -- 10.3 Strategic Investment -- 10.4 Multi-Market Competition -- 10.5 Discussion and Conclusions -- 10.6 References -- A Appendix: Statistical Tables -- A Appendix: IUI Survey Questionnaire 
505 0 |a The Role of Adaptation and Knowledge-Seeking -- 7.1 Introduction -- 7.2 Internationalization and Geographical Distribution of R&D -- 7.3 Determinants of Foreign Affiliate R&D -- 7.4 Data, Method and Variables -- 7.5 Empirical Results -- 7.6 Concluding Remarks -- 7.7 References -- 7.A Appendix -- 8 Patterns of Foreign Direct Investment into Sweden --  
505 0 |a 1 Introduction -- 1.1 Outline of the Book -- 1.2 Summary of Main Findings -- 1.3 References -- 2 Multinational Enterprises, and the Theories of Trade and Location -- 2.1 Introduction -- 2.2 Background -- 2.3 A Knowledge-Capital Approach -- 2.4 A Model with Endogenous Multinationals -- 2.5 Production Regimes and the Direction of Trade -- 2.6 Investment Liberalization, the Volume and Direction of Trade -- 2.7 Investment Liberalization, Factor Prices, and Income Distri bution -- 2.8 Summary -- 2.9 References -- 3 Geographical Specialization of US and Swedish FDI Activity -- 3.1 Introduction -- 3.2 Determinants of FDI -- 3.3 The Pattern of Swedish and US FDI -- 3.4 Conclusion -- 3.5 References -- 3.A Appendix -- 4 Proximity Advantages, Scale Economies, and the Location of Production -- 4.1 Introduction -- 4.2 Evidence on the Country Pattern of Trade and Foreign Production -- 4.3 Determinants of the Country Pattern of Foreign Production -- 4.4 The Proximity-Concentration Hypothesis --  
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520 |a Pontus Braunerhjelm and Karolina Ekholm Over recent decades, foreign direct investment (FDI) has become a major force in the global economy. The geographical pattern of capital formation, trade and technological spillovers across countries and regions, are to an in­ creasing extent determined by the strategies chosen by multinational firms (MNFs). Between 1982 and 1994, the rate of growth of the global FDI stock was more than twice that of gross fixed capital formation, the growth of sales by foreign affiliates of multinational firms well exceeded that of world exports, and, by 1994, the MNFs accounted for approximately 6 percent of world output (United Nations, 1997, pp. xv-xvi). The overall mechanisms behind this rapid internationalization in terms of multinational produc­ tion have been attributed to the dismantling of trade barriers and the deregulation of capital markets, together with the advances in information technology that have facilitated the coordination and monitoring of inter­ nationally dispersed production. This development carries two important implications: First, firms operate in markets characterized by much tougher competition than only a decade ago, and, second, countries and regions are involved in competition for production to a much larger extent than before. This book addresses questions related to the location and geographical dispersion of the activities by multinational firms, a topic which has be­ come of increasing concern to policy-makers