04313nmm a2200397 u 4500001001200000003002700012005001700039007002400056008004100080020001800121100002300139245012800162250001700290260004700307300003200354505159400386653002401980653002802004653003502032653002602067653003502093653001702128653001302145653003202158653003602190653002702226653003602253653002702289700003102316710003402347041001902381989003802400856007202438082000802510520139702518EB000615528EBX0100000000000000046861000000000000000.0cr|||||||||||||||||||||140122 ||| eng a97808176441471 aGiaquinta, Mariano00aMathematical AnalysishElektronische RessourcebApproximation and Discrete Processescby Mariano Giaquinta, Giuseppe Modica a1st ed. 2004 aBoston, MAbBirkhäuser Bostonc2004, 2004 aXII, 388 pbonline resource0 a1. Real Numbers and Natural Numbers -- 1.1 Introduction -- 1.2 The Axiomatic Approach to Real Numbers -- 1.3 Natural Numbers -- 1.4 Summing Up -- 1.5 Exercises -- 2. Sequences of Real Numbers -- 2.1 Sequences -- 2.2 Equivalent Formulations of the Continuity Axiom -- 2.3 Limits of Sequences and Continuity -- 2.4 Some Special Sequences -- 2.5 An Alternative Definition of Exponentials and Logarithms -- 2.6 Summing Up -- 2.7 Exercises -- 3. Integer Numbers: Congruences, Counting and Infinity -- 3.1 Congruences -- 3.2 Combinatorics -- 3.3 Infinity -- 3.4 Summing Up -- 3.5 Exercises -- 4. Complex Numbers -- 4.1 Complex Numbers -- 4.2 Sequences of Complex Numbers -- 4.3 Some Elementary Applications -- 4.4 Summing Up -- 4.5 Exercises -- 5. Polynomials, Rational Functions and Trigonometric Polynomials -- 5.1 Polynomials -- 5.2 Solutions of Polynomial Equations -- 5.3 Rational Functions -- 5.4 Sinusoidal Functions and Their Sums -- 5.5 Summing Up -- 5.6 Exercises -- 6. Series -- 6.1 Basic Facts -- 6.2 Taylor Series, e and ? -- 6.3 Series of Nonnegative Terms -- 6.4 Series of Terms of Arbitrary Sign -- 6.5 Series of Products -- 6.6 Products of Series -- 6.7 Rearrangements -- 6.8 Summing Up -- 6.9 Exercises -- 7. Power Series -- 7.1 Basic Theory -- 7.2 Further Results -- 7.3 Some Applications -- 7.4 Further Applications -- 7.5 Summing Up -- 7.6 Exercises -- 8. Discrete Processes -- 8.1 Recurrences -- 8.2 One-Dimensional Dynamical Systems -- 8.3 Two-Dimensional Dynamical Systems -- 8.4 Exercises -- A. Mathematicians and Other Scientists -- B. Bibliographical Notes -- C. Index aApplied mathematics aEngineering mathematics aFunctions of complex variables aMathematical analysis aStatistical Theory and Methods aStatistics aAnalysis aApplications of Mathematics aFunctions of a Complex Variable aAnalysis (Mathematics) aOrdinary Differential Equations aDifferential equations1 aModica, Giuseppee[author]2 aSpringerLink (Online service)07aeng2ISO 639-2 bSBAaSpringer Book Archives -2004 uhttps://doi.org/10.1007/978-0-8176-4414-7?nosfx=yxVerlag3Volltext0 a515 aThis volume! aims at introducing some basic ideas for studying approxima tion processes and, more generally, discrete processes. The study of discrete processes, which has grown together with the study of infinitesimal calcu lus, has become more and more relevant with the use of computers. The volume is suitably divided in two parts. In the first part we illustrate the numerical systems of reals, of integers as a subset of the reals, and of complex numbers. In this context we intro duce, in Chapter 2, the notion of sequence which invites also a rethinking of the notions of limit and continuity2 in terms of discrete processes; then, in Chapter 3, we discuss some elements of combinatorial calculus and the mathematical notion of infinity. In Chapter 4 we introduce complex num bers and illustrate some of their applications to elementary geometry; in Chapter 5 we prove the fundamental theorem of algebra and present some of the elementary properties of polynomials and rational functions, and of finite sums of harmonic motions. In the second part we deal with discrete processes, first with the process of infinite summation, in the numerical case, i.e., in the case of numerical series in Chapter 6, and in the case of power series in Chapter 7. The last chapter provides an introduction to discrete dynamical systems; it should be regarded as an invitation to further study