John Wesley

John Wesley (;, though often pronounced as }} 2 March 1791) was an English cleric, theologian, and evangelist who was a leader of a revival movement within the Church of England known as Methodism. The societies he founded became the dominant form of the independent Methodist movement that continues to this day.

Educated at Charterhouse and Christ Church, Oxford, Wesley was elected a fellow of Lincoln College, Oxford, in 1726 and ordained as an Anglican priest two years later. At Oxford, he led the "Holy Club", a society formed for the purpose of the study and the pursuit of a devout Christian life. After an unsuccessful two year ministry in Savannah, Georgia, he returned to London and joined a religious society led by Moravian Christians. On 24 May 1738, he experienced what has come to be called his evangelical conversion. He subsequently left the Moravians and began his own ministry.

A key step in the development of Wesley's ministry was to travel widely and preach outdoors, embracing Arminian doctrines. Moving across Great Britain and Ireland, he helped form and organise small Christian groups (societies and classes) that developed intensive and personal accountability, discipleship, and religious instruction. He appointed itinerant, unordained evangelists—both women and men—to care for these groups of people. Under Wesley's direction, Methodists became leaders in many social issues of the day, including the abolition of slavery and support for women preachers.

Although he was not a systematic theologian, Wesley argued against Calvinism and for the notion of Christian perfection, which he cited was the reason that he felt God "raised up" Methodists into existence. His evangelicalism, firmly grounded in sacramental theology, maintained that means of grace played a role in sanctification of the believer; however, he taught that it was by faith a believer was transformed into the likeness of Christ. He held that, in this life, Christians could achieve a state where the love of God "reigned supreme in their hearts", giving them not only outward but inward holiness. Wesley's teachings, collectively known as Wesleyan theology, continue to inform the doctrine of Methodist churches.

Throughout his life, Wesley remained within the established Church of England, insisting that the Methodist movement lay well within its tradition. In his early ministry years, Wesley was barred from preaching in many parish churches and the Methodists were persecuted; he later became widely respected, and by the end of his life, was described as "the best-loved man in England". Provided by Wikipedia

1
by Wesley, John
Published 1774
Printed by R. Hawes

2
by Wesley, John
Published 1775
Printed by R. Hawes

4
by Wesley, John
Published 1741
Bristol, printed. Philadelphia, re-printed by Ben. Franklin: Boston: again re-printed, and sold by T. Fleet, at the Heart and Crown in Cornhill

6
by Wesley, John
Published 1795
Printed by Henry Tuckniss, no. 25, Church-Alley, and sold by John Dickins, no. 44, North Second Street, near Arch Street

7
by Wesley, John
Published 1792
Printed by Johnston & Justice, at Franklin's Head, no. 41, Chesnut-Street. MDCCXCII. For William Glendinning, preacher of the Gospel

8
by Wesley, John
Published 1781
printed by J. Paramore, at the Foundry, Moorfields : and sold at the New Chapel, in the City-Road; and at the Rev. Mr. Wesley's preaching-houses in town and country

9
by Wesley, John
Published 1782
printed by J. Paramore, at the Foundery, Moorsields : and sold at the New Chapel, in the City-Road; and at the Rev. Mr. Wesley's preaching-houses in town and country

10
by Wesley, John
Published 1753
printed by Henry Cock

11
by Wesley, John
Published 1770
printed by William Pine

12
by Wesley, John
Published 1766
printed by William Pine

13
by Wesley, John
Published 1777
printed by R. Hawes, and sold at the Foundry in Moorfields; and at the Rev. Mr. Wesley's preaching-houses, in town and country

14
by Wesley, John
Published 1784
printed by J. Paramore, at the Foundry, Moorfields: and sold at the new chapel, City-Road; and at the Rev. Mr. Wesley's preaching-houses in town and country

15
by Wesley, John
Published 1761
printed by William Pine, in Narrow-Wine-Street

16
by Wesley, John
Published 1751
printed by S. Powell, in Crane-Lane

17
by Wesley, John
Published 1750
printed by Felix Farley

18
by Wesley, John
Published 1786
printed by J. Paramore, at the Foundry, Moorfields: and sold at the New Chapel, City-Road; and at the Rev. Mr. Wesley's preaching-houses in town and country

19
by Wesley, John
Published 1776
printed by R. Hawes, and sold at the Foundry, in Moorfields, and at the Rev. Mr. Wesley's preaching houses in town and country

20
by Wesley, John
Published 1770
printed by William Pine, in Wine-Street