George Washington

Portrait based on the unfinished ''[[Athenaeum Portrait]]'', by [[Gilbert Stuart]], 1796 George Washington (February 22, 17321 (it had been March 25). These changes resulted in dates being moved forward 11 days, and an advance of one year for those between January1 and March 25. For a further explanation, see Old Style and New Style dates.}}, 1799) was an American political leader, military general, statesman, and founding father who served as the first president of the United States from 1789 to 1797. Previously, he led Patriot forces to victory in the nation's War for Independence. He presided at the Constitutional Convention of 1787, which established the U.S. Constitution and a federal government. Washington has been called the "Father of His Country" for his manifold leadership in the formative days of the new nation.

Washington received his initial military training and command with the Virginia Regiment during the French and Indian War. He was later elected to the Virginia House of Burgesses and was named a delegate to the Continental Congress, where he was appointed Commanding General of the Continental Army. He commanded American forces, allied with France, in the defeat and surrender of the British during the Siege of Yorktown. He resigned his commission after the Treaty of Paris in 1783.

Washington played a key role in adopting and ratifying the Constitution and was then elected president (twice) by the Electoral College. He implemented a strong, well-financed national government while remaining impartial in a fierce rivalry between cabinet members Thomas Jefferson and Alexander Hamilton. During the French Revolution, he proclaimed a policy of neutrality while sanctioning the Jay Treaty. He set enduring precedents for the office of president, including the title "President of the United States", and his Farewell Address is widely regarded as a pre-eminent statement on republicanism.

Washington owned slaves, and, in order to preserve national unity, he supported measures passed by Congress to protect slavery. He later became troubled with the institution of slavery and freed his slaves in a 1799 will. He endeavored to assimilate Native Americans into Anglo-American culture but combated indigenous resistance during occasions of violent conflict. He was a member of the Anglican Church and the Freemasons, and he urged broad religious freedom in his roles as general and president. Upon his death, he was eulogized as "first in war, first in peace, and first in the hearts of his countrymen". He has been memorialized by monuments, art, geographical locations, stamps, and currency, and many scholars and polls rank him among the greatest U.S. presidents. Provided by Wikipedia

1
by Washington, George
Published 1783
printed for J. Stockdale, opposite Burlington-House, Piccadilly
Subjects: '; ...Washington, George / 1732-1799 / Correspondence / Early works to 1800...

2
by Washington, George
Published 1796
New-York: printed by G. Robinson and J. Bull. London: re-printed for F. and C. Rivington, No 62, St. Paul's Church-Yard
Subjects: '; ...Washington, George / 1732-1799 / Correspondence...

3
by Washington, George
Published 1796
printed for W. Byrne, 108, Grafton-Street
Subjects: '; ...Washington, George / 1732-1799...

4
by Washington, George
Published 1800
printed for John Cumming, 40, Holborn Hill, by T. Bensley, Bolt Court, Fleet Street
Subjects: '; ...Washington, George / 1732-1799...

5
by Washington, George
Project Gutenberg

6
by Washington, George
Published 1777
printed for J. Bew, No. 28, Pater-Noster-Row
Subjects: '; ...Washington, George / 1732-1799...

7
by Washington, George
Published 1796
printed by J. Chambers

8
by Washington, George
Published 1796
printed by Cooper and Graham, for J. Debrett, opposite Burlington House, Piccadilly

9
by Washington, George
Published 1796
printed by Cooper and Graham, for J. Debrett, opposite Burlington House, Piccadilly
Subjects: '; ...Washington, George / Resignation from office / Early works to 1800...

10
by Washington, George
Published 1796
published by J. Moxon, Stationer and Printseller, No. 8, Ship Alley, Wellclose Square, T. Bailey, Printer, No. 15, Upper East Smithfield, and sold by Munday, Old Gravel Lane, and all booksellers in London

11
by Washington, George
Published 1796
printed for J. Mundell & Co. Edinburgh ; and J. Mundell, College, Glasgow
Subjects: '; ...Washington, George / 1732-1799...

12
by Washington, George
Published 1800
The letter-press printed by W. Bulmer, the letters engraved by S.J. Neele

15
by Washington, George
Published 1796
Printed for W. Young, Mills & Son, no. 52, Second-Street, corner of Chesnut-Street

17
by Washington, George
Published 1796
Printed by Christopher Jackson, for George and Henry S. Keatinge, booksellers, Market-Street

18
by Washington, George
Published 1796
Printed by Manning & Loring, for S. Hall, W. Spotswood, J. White, Thomas & Andrews, D. West, E. Larkin, W.P. Blake, and J. West

19
by Washington, George
Published 1800
Printed and sold by Samuel Etheridge
Subjects: '; ...Washington, George / 1732-1799...

20
by Washington, George
Published 1795
printed for Cadell Junior and Davies, G. G. and J. Robinson, B. and J. White, W. Otridge and son, J. Debrett, E. Faulder, and T. Egerton