Walter Raleigh

Portrait of Sir Walter Raleigh inscribed right: ''Aetatis suae 34 An(no) 1588'' ("In the year 1588 of his age 34") and left: with his motto ''Amor et Virtute'' ("By Love and Virtue"). National Portrait Gallery, London<!-- , NPG 7 --> Sir Walter Raleigh (; (or 1554)29 October 1618), also spelled Ralegh, was an English landed gentleman, writer, poet, soldier, politician, courtier, spy and explorer. He was cousin to Sir Richard Grenville and younger half-brother of Sir Humphrey Gilbert. He is also well known for popularising tobacco in England. Raleigh was one of the most notable figures of the Elizabethan era.

Raleigh was born to a Protestant family in Devon, the son of Walter Raleigh and Catherine Champernowne. Little is known of his early life, though in his late teens he spent some time in France taking part in the religious civil wars. In his 20s he took part in the suppression of rebellion in Ireland participating in the Siege of Smerwick. Later, he became a landlord of property confiscated from the native Irish. He rose rapidly in the favour of Queen Elizabeth I and was knighted in 1585. Raleigh was instrumental in the English colonisation of North America and was granted a royal patent to explore Virginia, paving the way for future English settlements. In 1591, he secretly married Elizabeth Throckmorton, one of the Queen's ladies-in-waiting, without the Queen's permission, for which he and his wife were sent to the Tower of London. After his release, they retired to his estate at Sherborne, Dorset.

In 1594, Raleigh heard of a "City of Gold" in South America and sailed to find it, publishing an exaggerated account of his experiences in a book that contributed to the legend of "El Dorado". After Queen Elizabeth died in 1603, Raleigh was again imprisoned in the Tower, this time for being involved in the Main Plot against King James I, who was not favourably disposed towards him. In 1616, he was released to lead a second expedition in search of El Dorado. During the expedition, men led by his top commander ransacked a Spanish outpost, in violation of both the terms of his pardon and the 1604 peace treaty with Spain. Raleigh returned to England and, to appease the Spanish, he was arrested and executed in 1618. Provided by Wikipedia

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by Raleigh, Walter
Published 1726
Printed for W. Mears, F. Clay, and D. Browne, without Temple-Bar

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by Raleigh, Walter
BiblioBytes

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by Raleigh, Walter
BiblioBytes

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by Raleigh, Walter
Published 1720
reprinted in the year M DCC XX, and sold by J. Roberts

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by Raleigh, Walter
Published 1728
printed by J. Stephens for John Penn in Westminster-Hall, D. Browne at Temple Bar, and W. Meadows in Cornhill

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by Raleigh, Walter
Published 1736
printed for J. J. and P. Knapton, G. Conyers, R. Knaplock, D. Midwinter and A. Ward, A. Bettesworth and C. Hitch, J. Tonson, B. Sprint, J. Osborn and T. Longman, R. Robinson, B. Motte, J. Walthor Junior, J. Wilford, J. Clarke, T. Wotton, and H. Lintot

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by Raleigh, Walter
Published 1719
printed for S. Redmayne, and sold by W. Boreham, at the Angel in Pater-Noster-Row
Subjects: '; ...Raleigh, Walter / Sir / 1552?-1618...

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by Raleigh, Walter
Published 1736
Printed for G. Conyers, J. J. and P. Knapton, D. Midwinter, A. Bettesworth and C. Hitch, B. Sprint, R. Robinson, B. Motte, J. Walthoe, A. Ward, J. Clarke, S. Birt, T. Wotton, T. Longman, H. Whitridge, H. Lintot, and J. and R. Tonson

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by Raleigh, Walter
Published 1702
printed for Henry Mortlock at the Ph nix in St. Paul's Church-Yard

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by Raleigh, Walter
Published 1702
printed for Benjamin Barker, at the White Hart in Westminster-Hall

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by Raleigh, Walter
Published 1751
printed for R. Dodsley, at Tully's Head in Pall-Mall
Subjects: '; ...Raleigh, Walter / Sir / 1552?-1618...

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by Raleigh, Walter
Published 1702
printed by W. Onley, for Ralph Smith
Subjects: '; ...Raleigh, Walter / Sir / 1552?-1618...

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by Raleigh, Walter
Published 1757
printed for R. Baldwin, at the Rose, in Pater-Noster-Row

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by Raleigh, Walter
Published 1708
printed for A. Bell , at the Cross-Keys in Cornhil ; R. Smith, at the Bible under the Piazza of the Royal-Exchange, and J. Round, at Seneca's Head, in Exchange-Ally

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by Raleigh, Walter
Published 1720
Reprinted and sold by J. Roberts

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by Raleigh, Walter
Published 1700
Printed for and sold by John Nutt