Thomas Pownall

Thomas Pownall (bapt. 4 September 1722 (New Style) – 25 February 1805) was a British colonial official and politician. He was governor of the Province of Massachusetts Bay from 1757 to 1760, and afterwards sat in the House of Commons from 1767 to 1780. He travelled widely in the North American colonies prior to the American Revolutionary War, opposed Parliamentary attempts to tax the colonies, and was a minority advocate of colonial positions until the Revolution.

Classically educated and well-connected to the colonial administration in London, Pownall first travelled to North America in 1753, and spent two years exploring the colonies before being appointed Lieutenant Governor of New Jersey in 1755. He became governor of Massachusetts in 1757 after helping engineer the recall of longtime Governor William Shirley. His administration was dominated by the French and Indian War (called the "Seven Years War" in England) in which Pownall was instrumental in raising Massachusetts provincial militia for the war effort. He opposed military interference in colonial administration, including attempts to quarter British troops in private homes, and had a generally positive relationship with the colonial assembly.

Returning to England in 1760, he continued to be interested in colonial affairs, publishing widely read materials on conditions in the colonies, including several editions of ''The Administration of the Colonies''. As a Member of Parliament he regularly advocated for colonial positions without much success, but supported the war effort once the Revolutionary War began. In the early 19th century he became an early advocate of the reduction or removal of trade barriers, and the establishment of a solid relationship between Britain and the United States. Several writers have proposed that Pownall was Junius, a pseudonymous writer of letters critical of British governmental practices.

John Adams wrote, "Pownall was the most constitutional and national Governor, in my opinion, who ever represented the crown in this province." Provided by Wikipedia

1
by Pownall, Thomas
Published 1782
printed for J. Dodsley, Pall Mall

4
by Pownall, Thomas
Published 1788
Printed by and for John Nichols, at cicero's head, red-lion-pasage, Fleet-street: and sold by G.G.J. and J. Robinson, Pater-noster-Row

5
by Pownall, Thomas
Published 1769
s.n

6
by Pownall, Thomas
Published 1776
printed for J. Almon, opposite Burlington-House, in Piccadilly

7
by Pownall, Thomas
Published 1774
printed for J. Walter, at Homer's Head, Charing-Cross

8
by Pownall, Thomas
Published 1774
printed for J. Walter, at Homer's Head, Charing-Cross

9
by Pownall, Thomas
Published 1765
printed for J. Dodsley, in Pall-Mall, and J. Walter, at Charing-Cross

10
by Pownall, Thomas
Published 1766
printed for J. Dodsley, in Pall-Mall, and J. Walter, at Charing Cross

11
by Pownall, Thomas
Published 1768
printed for J. Walter, at Homer's Head, Charing-Cross

12
by Pownall, Thomas
Published 1752
printed by Edward Owen in Warwick-Lane

13
by Pownall, Thomas
Published 1795
Printed by Francis Hodson, sold by Mess. Wilkie, Paternoster-Row; and Mr. Debrett, Piccadilly, London

14
by Pownall, Thomas
Published 1771
printed for J. Almon, opposite Burlington-House, in Piccadilly

15
by Pownall, Thomas
Published 1773
Printed for S. Bladon, in Pater-noster Row

16
by Pownall, Thomas
Published 1795
printed by and for R. Cruttwell, and sold by C. Dilly, Poultry and Cadell and Davis, strand, London; and by the booksellers of Bath

17
by Pownall, Thomas
Published 1781
printed for J. Almon, opposite Burlington-House, Piccadilly

18
by Pownall, Thomas
Published 1775
printed for J. Almon, in Piccadilly; and W. Whittingham, at Lynn

19
by Pownall, Thomas
Published 1783
printed for J. Debrett, (successor to Mr. Almon,) Opposite Burlington-House, Piccadilly

20
by Pownall, Thomas
Published 1781
printed for J. Stockdale, No. 181, in Piccadilly, opposite Burlington-House