Niccolò Machiavelli

Portrait of Niccolò Machiavelli by [[Santi di Tito]] Niccolò di Bernardo dei Machiavelli (, ; 3 May 1469 – 21 June 1527) was an Italian diplomat, politician, historian, philosopher, humanist, writer, playwright and poet of the Renaissance period. He has often been called the father of modern political philosophy and political science. For many years he served as a senior official in the Florentine Republic with responsibilities in diplomatic and military affairs. He wrote comedies, carnival songs, and poetry. His personal correspondence is renowned by historians and scholars. He worked as secretary to the Second Chancery of the Republic of Florence from 1498 to 1512, when the Medici were out of power. He wrote his best-known work ''The Prince'' (''Il Principe'') in 1513, having been exiled from city affairs.

''Machiavellian'' is widely used as a pejorative to characterize unscrupulous politicians of the sort Machiavelli advised most famously in ''The Prince.'' Machiavelli described immoral behavior, such as dishonesty and the killing of innocents, as being normal and effective in politics. He even encouraged it in many situations. The book gained notoriety due to claims that it teaches "evil recommendations to tyrants to help them maintain their power".

The term ''Machiavellian'' often connotes political deceit, deviousness, and realpolitik. On the other hand, many commentators, such as Baruch Spinoza, Jean-Jacques Rousseau and Denis Diderot, have argued that Machiavelli was more of a republican, even when writing ''The Prince'', and his writings gave inspiration to Enlightenment proponents of modern democratic political philosophy. His much less popular work, the ''Discourses on Livy'', is often said to have paved the way of modern republicanism. Provided by Wikipedia

1
by Machiavelli, Niccolò
Published 1775
printed for T. Davies, Russel-Street, Covent-Garden; J. Dodsley, Pall-Mall; J. Robson, New Bond-Street; G. Robinson, Pater-Noster-Row; T. Becket, T. Cadell, and T. Evans, Strand

2
by Machiavelli, Niccolò
Published 1965
VS Verlag für Sozialwissenschaften

3
by Machiavelli, Niccolò
Published 1743
Printed by Ed. Bate, for James Kelburn, bookseller, at the Three Golden Balls in George's-lane

4
by Machiavelli, Niccolò
Published 1772
stampate per Tommaso Davies, in Londra

5
by Machiavelli, Niccolò
Published 1762
printed for Thomas Davies, in Russel-Street, Covent-Garden; Thomas Waller, in Fleet-Street; R. and J. Dodsley, in Pall-Mall; James Fletcher, in St. Paul's Church-Yard; Mess. Balfour and Hamilton, Edinburgh; and Mr. James Hoey, junior, at Dublin

6
by Machiavelli, Niccolò
Published 1761
printed for Robert Urie

7
by Machiavelli, Niccolò
Published 1768
1768. Si trova in Parigi appresso Marcello Prault

9
by Machiavelli, Niccolò
Published 1720
printed by T.W. [Thomas Wood?] for A. Churchill, R. Bonwick, T. Goodwin, J. Walthoe, M. Wotton, S. Manship, B. Tooke, R. Wilkin, R. Smith, R. Robinson, and T. Ward

10
by Machiavelli, Niccolò
Published 1760
[printed by Jacopo Giusti]
Subjects: '; ...Machiavelli, Niccolo / 1469-1527 / Correspondence...

11
by Machiavelli, Niccolò
Published 1595
Printed by T.C. for VV. P

13
by Machiavelli, Niccolò
Published 1675
Printed for John Starkey
Other Authors: '; ...Machiavelli, Niccolò...

15
by Machiavelli, Niccolò
Published 1589
[s.n.]

16
by Neville, Henry
Published 1711
Other Authors: '; ...Machiavelli, Niccolò...