Johann Wolfgang von Goethe

Goethe in 1828, by [[Joseph Karl Stieler]] Johann Wolfgang von Goethe (, also ; ; 28 August 1749 – 22 March 1832) was a German writer and statesman. His works include: four novels; epic and lyric poetry; prose and verse dramas; memoirs; an autobiography; literary and aesthetic criticism; and treatises on botany, anatomy, and colour. In addition, numerous literary and scientific fragments, more than 10,000 letters, and nearly 3,000 drawings by him have survived.

A literary celebrity by the age of 25, Goethe was ennobled by the Duke of Saxe-Weimar, Karl August, in 1782 after taking up residence in Weimar in November 1775 following the success of his first novel, ''The Sorrows of Young Werther'' (1774). He was an early participant in the ''Sturm und Drang'' literary movement. During his first ten years in Weimar, Goethe became a member of the Duke's privy council, sat on the war and highway commissions, oversaw the reopening of silver mines in nearby Ilmenau, and implemented a series of administrative reforms at the University of Jena. He also contributed to the planning of Weimar's botanical park and the rebuilding of its Ducal Palace.}}

Goethe's first major scientific work, the ''Metamorphosis of Plants'', was published after he returned from a 1788 tour of Italy. In 1791 he was made managing director of the theatre at Weimar, and in 1794 he began a friendship with the dramatist, historian, and philosopher Friedrich Schiller, whose plays he premiered until Schiller's death in 1805. During this period Goethe published his second novel, ''Wilhelm Meister's Apprenticeship''; the verse epic ''Hermann and Dorothea'', and, in 1808, the first part of his most celebrated drama, ''Faust''. His conversations and various shared undertakings throughout the 1790s with Schiller, Johann Gottlieb Fichte, Johann Gottfried Herder, Alexander von Humboldt, Wilhelm von Humboldt, and August and Friedrich Schlegel have come to be collectively termed Weimar Classicism.

The German philosopher Arthur Schopenhauer named ''Wilhelm Meister's Apprenticeship'' one of the four greatest novels ever written,}} while the American philosopher and essayist Ralph Waldo Emerson selected Goethe as one of six "representative men" in his work of the same name (along with Plato, Emanuel Swedenborg, Montaigne, Napoleon, and Shakespeare). Goethe's comments and observations form the basis of several biographical works, notably Johann Peter Eckermann's ''Conversations with Goethe'' (1836). Provided by Wikipedia

1
by Goethe, Johann Wolfgang
Published 1932
Springer Berlin Heidelberg

2
by Goethe, Johann Wolfgang von
Published 1798
printed for J. Johnson, No. 72, St. Paul's Church-Yard

3
by Goethe, Johann Wolfgang von
Published 1785
printed for J. Dodsley, Pall-Mall

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by Goethe, Johann Wolfgang von
Published 1779
printed for J. Dodsley, Pall-Mall

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by Goethe, Johann Wolfgang von
Published 1794
printed for T. Osborne and S. Griffin

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by Goethe, Johann Wolfgang von
Published 1786
printed for the translator: and sold by J. Parsons, No. 21, Paternoster-Row

7
by Goethe, Johann Wolfgang von
Published 1782
printed for J. Dodsley, Pall-Mall

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by Goethe, Johann Wolfgang von
Published 1780
printed for J. Dodsley, Pall-Mall

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by Goethe, Johann Wolfgang von
Published 1798
printed for Hookham and Carpenter, No. 14, Old Bond Street

10
by Goethe, Johann Wolfgang von
Published 1799
printed by J. M'creery: sold by Cadell and Davies, Strand; Evans, (successor to Edwards) Pall-Mall; G.G. and J. Robinson, and T. Hurst, Pater-Noster-Row; and Vernor and Hood, Poultry, London

11
by Goethe, Johann Wolfgang von
Published 1788
per T. Hookham, New Bond-Street

12
by Goethe, Johann Wolfgang von
Published 1799
printed for J. Bell, No. 148, Oxford-Street, Opposite New Bond-Street

13
by Goethe, Johann Wolfgang von
Published 1793
Printed at the Norfolk Press by J. Crouse and W. Stevenson. For J. Johnson, London

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by Goethe, Johann Wolfgang von
Published 1794
printed by J.F. Unger

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by Goethe, Johann Wolfgang von
Published 1789
printed for Harrison and Co. No 18, Paternoster-Row

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by Goethe, Johann Wolfgang von
Published 1781
printed for C. Jackson, Anglesea-Street

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by Goethe, Johann Wolfgang von
Published 1784
Printed and sold by Robert Bell, in Third-Street

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by Goethe, Johann Wolfgang von
Published 1799
Printed at the office of George Nicholson, Ludlow. Sold by T. Knott, 47, Lombard-street; and Champante & Whitrow, 4, Jewry-street, Aldgate, London

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by Goethe, Johann Wolfgang von
Published 1786
Printed by J. Moore, No. 45, College-Green