Elbridge Gerry

Portrait by [[Nathaniel Jocelyn]] Elbridge Gerry (; July 17, 1744 (OS July 6, 1744) – November 23, 1814) was an American politician and diplomat. As a Democratic-Republican he served as the fifth vice president of the United States under President James Madison from March 1813 until his death in November 1814. The political practice of gerrymandering is named after him.

He was the second American vice president to die in office.

Born into a wealthy merchant family, Gerry vocally opposed British colonial policy in the 1760s and was active in the early stages of organizing the resistance in the American Revolutionary War. Elected to the Second Continental Congress, Gerry signed both the Declaration of Independence and the Articles of Confederation. He was one of three men who attended the Constitutional Convention in 1787 who refused to sign the United States Constitution because it did not then include a Bill of Rights. After its ratification he was elected to the inaugural United States Congress, where he was actively involved in drafting and passage of the Bill of Rights as an advocate of individual and state liberties.

Gerry was at first opposed to the idea of political parties, and cultivated enduring friendships on both sides of the political divide between Federalists and Democratic-Republicans. He was a member of a diplomatic delegation to France that was treated poorly in the XYZ Affair, in which Federalists held him responsible for a breakdown in negotiations. Gerry thereafter became a Democratic-Republican, running unsuccessfully for Governor of Massachusetts several times before winning the office in 1810. During his second term, the legislature approved new state senate districts that led to the coining of the word "gerrymander"; he lost the next election, although the state senate remained Democratic-Republican. Chosen by the party as its vice presidential candidate in the 1812 election, Gerry served for only a year and a half of his term before dying. He is the only signatory of the Declaration of Independence buried in Washington, D.C. Provided by Wikipedia

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by Gerry, Elbridge
Published 1798
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by Gerry, Elbridge
Published 1798
Printed by W. Ross, in Locust-Street, near the corner of South Ninth-Street

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by Gerry, Elbridge
Published 1798
Printed by John Fenno?

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by Gerry, Elbridge
Published 1896
Historical Printing Club

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by Gerry, Elbridge
Published 1799
Printed by William Ross?
Other Authors: '; ...Gerry, Elbridge...

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by Gerry, Elbridge Thomas
Published 1913
The Society

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by Warren, Mercy Otis
Published 1788
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Other Authors: '; ...Gerry, Elbridge...

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by Warren, Mercy Otis
Published 1788
[Boston, printed, New-York re-printed [by Thomas Greenleaf]
Other Authors: '; ...Gerry, Elbridge...

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by Pinckney, Charles Cotesworth
Published 1798
Printed by Way & Groff, no. 27, Arch-Street
Other Authors: '; ...Gerry, Elbridge...

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by Pinckney, Charles Cotesworth
Published 1798
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Other Authors: '; ...Gerry, Elbridge...