Nicholas Biddle

Nicholas Biddle Nicholas Biddle (January 8, 1786February 27, 1844) was an American financier who served as the third and last president of the Second Bank of the United States (chartered 1816–1836). Throughout his life Biddle worked as an editor, diplomat, author, and politician who served in both houses of the Pennsylvania state legislature. He is best known as the chief opponent of Andrew Jackson in the Bank War.

Born into the Biddle family of Philadelphia, young Nicholas worked for a number of prominent officials, including John Armstrong Jr. and James Monroe. In the Pennsylvania state legislature, he defended the utility of a national bank in the face of Jeffersonian criticisms. From 1823 to 1836, Biddle served as president of the Second Bank, during which time he exercised power over the nation's money supply and interest rates, seeking to prevent economic crises.

With prodding from Henry Clay and the Bank's major stockholders, Biddle engineered a bill in Congress to renew the Bank's federal charter in 1832. The bill passed Congress and headed to President Andrew Jackson's desk. Jackson, who expressed deep hostility to most banks, vetoed the measure, ratcheting up tensions in a major political controversy known as the Bank War. When Jackson transferred the federal government's deposits from the Second Bank to several state banks, Biddle raised interest rates, causing a mild economic recession. The federal charter expired in 1836, but the bank continued to operate with a Pennsylvania state charter until its ultimate collapse in 1841. Provided by Wikipedia

by Biddle, Nicholas
Published 1822
Printed by order of the Society

by Biddle, Nicholas
Published 2021
OECD Publishing

by Biddle, Nicholas, Al-Yaman, Fadwa, Gourley, Michelle, Gray, M. C.
Published 2014
Australian National University Press

by Strange, Robert
Published 1838
Other Authors: ...Biddle, Nicholas...

by Hunter, B. H.
Published 2012
ANU E Press
Other Authors: ...Biddle, Nicholas...

by Kennedy, John Pendleton
Published 1836
J. Neal
Other Authors: ...Biddle, Nicholas...