Francis Bacon

Portrait by [[Pourbus the Younger]], 1617 Francis Bacon, 1st Viscount St Alban, others, such as the 2007 ''Oxford Dictionary of National Biography'' and the 9th edition of the ''Encyclopaedia Britannica'', spell it "St. Alban".}} (; 22 January 15619 April 1626), also known as Lord Verulam, was an English philosopher and statesman who served as Attorney General and as Lord Chancellor of England. His works are credited with developing the scientific method and remained influential through the scientific revolution.

Bacon has been called the father of empiricism. His works argued for the possibility of scientific knowledge based only upon inductive reasoning and careful observation of events in nature. Most importantly, he argued science could be achieved by use of a sceptical and methodical approach whereby scientists aim to avoid misleading themselves. Although his most specific proposals about such a method, the ''Baconian method'', did not have a long-lasting influence, the general idea of the importance and possibility of a sceptical methodology makes Bacon the father of the scientific method. This method was a new rhetorical and theoretical framework for science, the practical details of which are still central in debates about science and methodology.

Francis Bacon was a patron of libraries and developed a functional system for the cataloging of books by dividing them into three categories—history, poetry, and philosophy—which could further be divided into more specific subjects and subheadings. Bacon was educated at Trinity College, Cambridge, where he rigorously followed the medieval curriculum, largely in Latin.

Bacon was the first recipient of the Queen's counsel designation, which was conferred in 1597 when Elizabeth I of England reserved Bacon as her legal advisor. After the accession of James VI and I in 1603, Bacon was knighted. He was later created Baron Verulam in 1618 and Viscount St. Alban in 1621.

Because he had no heirs, both titles became extinct upon his death in 1626, at 65 years. Bacon died of pneumonia, with one account by John Aubrey stating that he had contracted the condition while studying the effects of freezing on the preservation of meat. He is buried at St Michael's Church, St Albans, Hertfordshire. Provided by Wikipedia

1
by Bacon, Francis
Published 1701
printed by E. Holt for Sam. Smith, and Benj. Walford, at the Princes-Arms in St. Paul's Church-Yard

2
by Bacon, Francis
Published 1752
printed by R. Urie

3
by Bacon, Francis
Published 1740
chez Jacques Tonsson

4
by Bacon, Francis
Published 1740
printed for A. Millar, against St. Clement's Church, in the Strand
Subjects: '; ...Bacon, Francis / 1561-1626...

5
by Bacon, Francis
Oregon Renascence Editions

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by Bacon, Francis
Oregon Renascence Editions

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by Bacon, Francis
Bibliobytes

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by Bacon, Francis
Project Gutenberg

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by Bacon, Francis
Published 1701
printed by E. Holt; for Rich. Wellington at the Dolphin and Crown in St. Paul's Church-Yard, and Edm. Rumbald at the Post-House in Covent Garden

11
by Bacon, Francis
Published 1701
printed by E. Holt for Richard Chiswell, at the Rose and Crown in St. Paul's Church-Yard

12
by Bacon, Francis
Published 1701
printed by E. Holt for Timothy Childe, at the White Hart at the West End of St. Paul's Church-Yard

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by Bacon, Francis
Published 1701
Never printed before the year
Subjects: '; ...Bacon, Francis / 1561-1626 / Trials, litigation, etc...

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by Bacon, Francis
Published 1871
[s.n.]

15
by Bacon, Francis
Published 1700
Printed by Tho. Milbourn, and sold by A. Baldwin

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by Bacon, Francis
Published 1700
Printed for B. Griffin, and are to be sold by H. Newman

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by Bacon, Francis
Published 1778
[printed for J. Rivington and Sons; L. Davis; T. Payne; B. White; T. Davies; [and 6 others in London]
Subjects: '; ...Bacon, Francis / 1561-1626...

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by Bacon, Francis
Published 1861
Longman

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by Bacon, Francis
Published 1823
Waugh and Innes