Francis Bacon

Portrait by [[Pourbus the Younger]], 1617 Francis Bacon, 1st Viscount St Alban, others, such as the 2007 ''Oxford Dictionary of National Biography'' and the 9th edition of the ''Encyclopaedia Britannica'', spell it "St. Alban".}} (; 22 January 15619 April 1626) was an English philosopher and statesman who served as Attorney General and as Lord Chancellor of England. His works are credited with developing the scientific method and remained influential through the scientific revolution.

Bacon has been called the father of empiricism. His works argued for the possibility of scientific knowledge based only upon inductive reasoning and careful observation of events in nature. Most importantly, he argued science could be achieved by use of a sceptical and methodical approach whereby scientists aim to avoid misleading themselves. Although his practical ideas about such a method, the ''Baconian method'', did not have a long-lasting influence, the general idea of the importance and possibility of a sceptical methodology makes Bacon the father of the scientific method. This method was a new rhetorical and theoretical framework for science, the practical details of which are still central in debates about science and methodology.

Francis Bacon was a patron of libraries and developed a functional system for the cataloging of books by dividing them into three categories—history, poetry, and philosophy—which could further be divided into more specific subjects and subheadings. Bacon was educated at Trinity College, Cambridge, where he rigorously followed the medieval curriculum, largely in Latin.

Bacon was the first recipient of the Queen's counsel designation, which was conferred in 1597 when Elizabeth I of England reserved Bacon as her legal advisor. After the accession of James VI and I in 1603, Bacon was knighted. He was later created Baron Verulam in 1618 and Viscount St. Alban in 1621.

Because he had no heirs, both titles became extinct upon his death in 1626, at 65 years. Bacon died of pneumonia, with one account by John Aubrey stating that he had contracted the condition while studying the effects of freezing on the preservation of meat. He is buried at St Michael's Church, St Albans, Hertfordshire. Provided by Wikipedia

2
by Bacon, Francis
Published 1752
printed by Felix Farley, in Small-Street

4
by Bacon, Francis
Published 1720
printed: and sold by H. Parson in Grace-Church-Street, J. Brotherton and W. Meadows in Cornhill, A. Bettesworth in Pater-noster-Row, S. Ballard in Little-Britain, R. Gosling in Fleet-street, and C. King in Westminster-Hall

5
by Bacon, Francis
Published 1798
printed by T. Bensley, for J. Edwards, Pall Mall, and T. Payne, Mews Gate

7
by Bacon, Francis
Published 1701
printed by E. Holt for Henry Herringman, and to be sold by Timothy Childe, at the White Hart in St. Paul's Church-Yard

8
by Bacon, Francis
Published 1718
printed by H. Clark, for J. Walthoe, Tim Childe, G. Sawbridge, Benj. Took, Dan. Midwinter, Jacob Tonson, R. Wellington, W. Innys, Benj. Cowse

9
by Bacon, Francis
Published 1706
printed by H. Clark, for R. Chiswell, S. Smith, T. Bennet, B. Walford, T. Childe, G. Sawbridge, and R. Wellington

10
by Bacon, Francis
Published 1742
printed for S. Birt, at the Bible and Ball in Ave-Mary-Lane

11
by Bacon, Francis
Published 1778
[printed for J. Rivington and Sons; L. Davis; T. Payne; B. White; T. Davies; [and 6 others in London]
Subjects: '; ...Bacon, Francis / 1561-1626...

12
by Bacon, Francis
Published 1800
printed [by T. Bensley] for T. Payne, Mews Gate

13
by Bacon, Francis
Published 1737
In the Savoy: printed by E. and R. Nutt, and R. Gosling, (assigns of Edw. Sayer, Esq;) for R. Gosling at the Crown and Mitre against Fetter-Lane End, Fleet-Street

14
by Bacon, Francis
Published 1763
printed for Andrew Millar in the Strand
Subjects: '; ...Bacon, Francis / 1561-1626 / Correspondence...

15
by Bacon, Francis
Published 1736
printed for Olive Payne, at Horace's Head in Round Court, opposite York Buildings in the Strand; and sold by John Brindley at the King's Arms in New Bondstreet
Subjects: '; ...Bacon, Francis / 1561-1626 / Biography / Early works to 1800...

16
by Bacon, Francis
Published 1702
printed for Benj. Tooke at the Middle-Temple Gate in Fleetstreet
Subjects: '; ...Bacon, Francis / 1561-1626 / Biography / Early works to 1800...

17
by Bacon, Francis
Published 1730
impensis R. Gosling ad Insigne Mitrae & Coronae in Vico vulgo vocato Fleet-Street

18
by Bacon, Francis
Published 1736
printed for Olive Payne, at Horace's Head in Round Court, opposite York Buildings in the Strand; and sold by John Brindley at the King's Arms in New Bondstreet
Subjects: '; ...Bacon, Francis / 1561-1626 / Early works to 1800...

19
by Bacon, Francis
Published 1734
printed by W. Bowyer
Subjects: '; ...Bacon, Francis / 1561-1626...

20
by Bacon, Francis
Published 1733
printed for J. J. and P. Knapton, D. Midwinter and A. Ward, A. Bettesworth and C. Hitch, J. Pemberton, J. Osborn and T. Longman, C. Rivington, F. Clay, J. Batley, R. Hett, and T. Hatchett